04 January 2012

Clerics and Religion in a Classic D&D Mystara campaign

The Classic D&D game never delved much into the details of a cleric's faith. The basic rules even state the following.

In D&D games, as in real life, people have ethical and theological beliefs. This game does not deal with those beliefs. All characters are assumed to have them, and they do not affect the game. They can be assumed, just as eating, resting and other activities are assumed, and should not become part of the tame.

A Cleric's spell powers come from the strength of the Cleric's beliefs...

 --- Basic Rules, Player's Manual, pg. 24

The DM's book isn't quite as strict.


You may choose to add flavor to your games by adding mythological deities. The characters would be followers of such beings, and a cleric could serve a specific deity. However, all such activities are assumed, and should not influence play or change the rules in any way. No deity would react to the actions of any individual character, nor offer any special help.

The deities of the game characters may be similar to the mythological gods and goddesses of days long past. The ancient Greeks, for example, worshipped many gods; Zeus, Apollo, Poseidon, and so forth. According to legend, these gods would grant favors to their worshippers, and that is one way to explain the magic spells a cleric character can cast in the game.

The DM should be careful not to needlessly offend players, and current beliefs should be avoided.

 -- Basic Rules, Dungeon Master's Rulebook, pg. 15

Still not too encouraging, but I keep in mind that this was written in the 1980s, when there was a strong backlash against RPGs and D&D in particular by religious fundamentalists. It was probably prudent to keep any appearance of encouraging "pagan" religions out of the game at that time.

Having said that, it is perfectly acceptable to play the game that way, with no real thought given to whom or what a Cleric gets spells from. Especially in a true old school style game where role-play, let's be honest, takes a back seat to hack & slash and traps and dungeon crawling, it doesn't really matter that much.

Some of us prefer a different approach, where some details of the Cleric's faith are presented, to encourage story telling and role playing. Later editions of the game, and the various other settings deal with this in varying degrees of depth, but what about Mystara?

Although Mystara, in its early form as the Known World, dates back to the B/X Expert set, and some of the adventure modules that came before BECMI, Frank Mentzer really began to integrate the setting into the rules, and it's usually considered the default setting for the game. The problem with this is, the setting seems chained to Frank's statement that the gods of the setting should not be detailed, and alas, they are not, at any point.

The Master and Immortal rules introduced options for characters to become Immortals, somewhat god-like beings with abilities far beyond those of mortals. While not quite gods, these beings are the closest thing TSR published for the setting, and various products later on treated various NPC Immortals as the figures of religious worship in Mystara.

That's fine, but there is no real definitive guide to all the Immortals, and while some of the nations and realms, especially those of the Hollow World subsetting, got a pretty treatment in the Immortals department, others got almost none. So we either use the published Immortals and fill in the gaps, or ignore them and use something else, maybe borrowing a pantheon from mythology or from another campaign setting. There's nothing wrong with this at all, and if you favor a certain mythos your game will definitely benefit from using it, but I wanted something a little more unique to Mystara, so I started looking at what I have to work with.

In the D&D game, the first real defining factor in a character's moral and ethical outlook is of course alignment. You could, I suppose, just use the three alignments as the overarching religions of the campaign, but this doesn't give much room for creativity, and leads to the old questions about whether or not all Lawful people act and think the same way. Probably not, if you ask me.

Then it struck me, the five spheres of power! Frank introduced these five basic components of the multiverse to present the various paths a PC can take toward gaining immortality. The Immortals mentioned in other Mystara sources all assign one of the spheres of power to each of them. This gives us five basic religions, one tied to each sphere of power.

The Spheres of Power are not gods though. They are concepts, universal truths that allow an understanding of the multiverse and how things in it work. Through understanding and study beyond the grasp of most of his peers, the Cleric learns how to channel his devotion and knowledge of his sphere of choice into the subtle manipulations of reality that other mortals call divine magic.

But Darva, I hear you asking, that's only 5 options, not a whole lot better than 3, right? Yes, and no. No, because once we have the basic five religions, we can diversify them and flesh them out as much as we want, with Immortals! While not gods, technically, the Immortals serve as saint like figures, epitomizing some aspect of the Sphere's ideals. The PC Cleric's religion is his sphere, but he can belong to a faction or sect that reveres a specific Immortal, if the player wants some more depth and backstory.

This also gives us the chance to meddle with the Immortals the publish material provides. Just because Alphaks is a published Immortal, the Clerics of his sphere (which happens to be Energy) don't need to worship him, and the NPCs the party runs into don't either if you don't want to introduce him. But if some pesky player points out that he's in this or that sourcebook, you can just say "he's not that popular in these parts", and plan some future encounter to satisfy that player's desire to involve him in the campaign. You can also introduce any new Immortals you like, either from your own imagination, or by borrowing deities and demigods from other settings or game systems.

I'll follow up on this with a more detailed post on each sphere, and some of the noteworthy Immortals related to each one, but for now, here's a thumbnail view of each sphere's ideals, and how they relate to each other.

In Mystara, the five sphere's of power are:

A Cleric PC chooses which one to devote himself to, but this does not mean he totally forsakes or disbelieves in the others. The wise understand that all five are key ingredients in the multiverse, and without any one of them, life as it is known on Mystara would not be. The 5 sphere's are represented with a pentacle, like this:

Each of the five points represents one of the spheres, and depicts the traditional rune used as a symbol for that sphere/faith. The kind of cruciform rune in the center symbolizes man (or demi-man) or existence and also designates which direction the pentacle is oriented in. All the spheres are considered equal and no one direction is considered up or down, or superior to the others, the only reason for this calibration feature is the fact that the runes for the spheres can become confusing if turned or inverted. This matters because a Cleric makes the pentacle his holy symbol by orienting it with his sphere of devotion pointing up. This is how Clerics of the different spheres recognize each other.

Here's a quick overview of the five spheres.

Matter: This sphere is related to the element of earch, and represents resilience, stability and longevity. Tradition and ancestry are important to followers of this sphere, as well as birth and growth, where the old matter lost to entropy is seen as being reclaimed and shaped into something new. Matter is tied to the Lawful alignment primarily, and favors fighters and dwarves among the PC classes and race. Matter is opposed to time, energy and entropy.

Energy: Energy is embodied in fire and represents activity, change and imagination. Free thinkers and revolutionaries are often followers of this sphere, as well as those with quick tempers or bad attitudes. Energy is tied to the Chaotic alignment, and favors magic users and elves. Most practitioners of arcane magic pay at least lip service to this sphere and its Immortals. Energy is opposed to matter, thought and time.

Time: This sphere manifests in water, as the running of rivers and tides of the seas are seen as the clocks of the multiverse, eternally ticking off life's fleeting moments. Time encourages change, but change with planning and set goals, as opposed to the chaotic whims of Energy or the destructive forces of entropy. Time is tied to the Neutral Alignment, and favors Halflings. The sphere is opposed to matter, energy and entropy.

Thought: Thought is represented by air, without which there is no life (for most thinking creatures, anyway). The sphere symbolizes learning, philosophy, understanding and truth. Followers of this sphere are curious and yearn for knowledge. Though tied to no alignment, Thought favors the thief class, and is opposed to energy and entropy.

Entropy: Entropy is darkness, chaos and death, and not tied to any physical element, but considered a spirit element that pervades all things, causing disorder, sickness, weakness and death. Disciples of entropy understand, however, that these things are a necessary part of the natural order of things, and are not always evil minded. Entropy favors no PC class above others, but is tied to the Chaotic alignment. Entropy opposes all other spheres.

A note about druids and shamans.

Unlike Clerics, druids revere all five spheres equally, finding truth in the natural world that results from the mingling of all the spheres. To denote this, they usually adopt a featureless pentacle, meant to symbolize the blind equality of each aspect of existence.

Shamans, on the other hand, coming from societies with more primitive (though not necessarily inferior) understandings of the world, do not follow the spheres directly. Instead they gain their spells through worship and reverence of totemic spirits, usually representing animals, plants, landmarks or ancestors important to their people. These totem spirits are treated as Immortals, usually of the matter, time or thought spheres, for all intents and purposes here.

Most commonfolk don't pay much mind to the lofty ideas of spheres and multiversal truths, and will tend to follow a group of Immortals and/or spirits relevant to their location and life.

Just as Clerics of one sphere do not necessarily disbelieve or hate the teachings of the other spheres, most, if not all, churches represent all five spheres. One (or more) may be more dominant in the local dogma than others, but in most cases no follower of any sphere is turned away. Churches also tend to build doctrine heavily around the Immortals of their favored sphere(s).

That sums up the basics, let me know what you think. Like I said, I'll go into each sphere and its followers and Immortals in separate posts in the near future.

I hope it isn't an issue for anyone here, but let me state flat out, the use of the pentacle/pentagram here is for entirely fictitious depiction of concepts in a fantasy campaign. I neither intend to represent any form of idolatry or demon worship, nor insult or offend the beliefs of any pagan ideologies that invoke the pentacle symbolism.


  1. Great post! I know when I first started gaming, clerics just had spells. I never bothered with gods. Then I got the Forgotten Realms set and I've always made religion at least mildly important in every game since. That set really opened my eyes about clerics.

  2. Good post. If I recall, though, the Wrath of the Immortals box set gave pretty comprehensive coverage to the known Immortals.

  3. I always like giving thought to a character's faith, even though my nonclerics tend to be agnostics with a rather utilitarian attitude toward the gods. "Yeah, they're there, and I pray to them sometimes, but there's nobody in the pantheon who really resonates with me."

    Incidentally, if you're looking for possible Mystara gods, you could always go with the ancient gods in Mystara's prehistory. There are some pretty comprehensive deity resources regarding Blackmoor deities and Mystara Immortals (and how they might be related) across the internet. This blog post and this attached list are a good start. You might also look at this page, this page, and this page discussing the same subject.

  4. Great post! I love the Mystarized pentagram!

    @Trey: WotI does indeed give a good overview. Also there's the fan produced Codex Immortalis.

    @S.P: Good summary. Subscribing to your blog ASAP! :)

  5. I plan to use both WotI and the Codex Immortalis netbook as I expand the sphere based religions, but I was aiming for a loose system that lets cleric players get as detailed as they wish, or don't wish.

    I also really like the idea, as explained on Havard's blog, that many Immortals are just aliases and cultural psuedonyms for other Immortals. It's always fun to roleplay the interaction of two clerics who follow the same entity but in strikingly different ways.

    Thanks for the feedback, guys!

  6. Intriguing post. I kind of like the thrust of it.

    Often rpg gods are kind of banal, but this focus on principles feels better.

    For an excellent use of gods in a rpg setting, take a peek at Kingdoms of Kalamar. In that setting there are many gods, but they have different names and aspects for different cultures. Also, there are more details about raiment, holy days, tenets of faith than stats for the gods. Me like, "silver age" be damned.

  7. I really liked that post and it brought back all those memories of the Immortals Set that I hadn't dwelled on in a long time. Well done!

  8. Glad to see a piece on clerics. Seems to be a lot of hate for them in the OSR community latley, and I'm just not getting it. Clerics ARE D&D!

  9. Very cool ideas. I used to use the Spheres-As-Deities approach, but your version is a lot more coherent than mine ever was.

  10. We've used the spheres as religions idea for some time (we as in, I was/am Darva's off again on again DM) and I think it works great, letting players who don't care too much about their cleric's faith just have some rough guidelines on ethos, but also allowing, through using the immortals associated with the sphere, players who do want a lot of detail to go nuts with it.

    I'd never really considered how druids and shamans fit into the picture, they just aren't all that common in the campaign. I like how Darva's fiddled with them here though.

  11. This is sort of unusual. While coming up with a scenario for Call of Cthulhu, I came up with a diagram of the Elder Sign to be used as a key to the Dreamlands or somesuch.
    I came up with practically the same "elements" that you did for the five points.
    Weird or what?

  12. Very nice! I think I send this link to the players of the clerics in my current B10 campaign.

  13. "A Cleric's spell powers come from the strength of the Cleric's beliefs..." That is a whole other kind of Cleric...Frankly if you belief in other things gave you power you could believe water flows up hill and draw spells from that reality until presented with the undeniable. What happens when your beliefs are proven wrong?

    Of course you say it is the act of believing and not the idea believed in that gives strength. So your cleric can believe in life - and draw spell power from simply believing - life merely being the meditative foci. Still your ability to believe in life can be challenged - by the existence of undead. What are they? Puppets? What does that make the living? What effect does having your belief foci undermined psychologically do for your ability to believe in it and draw strength from that belief?


Thanks for your comments!